Rose hip is used for nutritional and medicinal purposes since ancient history. There are archaeological records of its use in the Stone Age. Since the dawn of mankind, people believed that this magical plant could cure lots of medicinal problems. One of these ancient beliefs gave this plant its Latin name, Rosa Canina – the Romans believed, more than 2000 years ago, that it could cure rabies. This proved to be inaccurate, but the name has remained to this day.
Rose hip grows in the form of a bush up to 3 meters high with branches hanging curved downward. The fruits are red, round or elliptical, about 1-2 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm wide. It blooms in the spring, and the ripe fruit on the bush can be picked from September to mid-November. Fruit is frequently used for tea, while flowers are used for marmalade.
To make tea, ripe fruit is cut into small pieces or grinded, and dried in the sun. The process can be accelerated by drying in an oven. Then it must be dried at the minimum oven temperature, preferably 50 degrees. The difference between dried domestic tea and rose hip from the tea bag is in color, taste, smell and cooking time.
Dried rose hip has a lighter color than the one from the bag. That is because there are no artificial colors added, and some researches have shown that rose hip grown under UV lamps is slightly darker. Dried rose hip has more intense flavor than the one in the bag. This is a kind of tea that is prepared longer than others. Rose hip from the bag usually soaks in water for 10 minutes, while the domestic tea should be allowed to rest for 20-30 minutes.
Rosehip has great vitamin and mineral value, and is particularly rich in vitamin C (up to 40 times more than in lemon). It is known that the thermal treatment partially destroys vitamin C, but in this case the volume of vitamin C is so great that it remains in tea after cooking, and it helps to strengthen the immune system. In addition to vitamin C, rose hip also contains vitamins A, B1, B2, D, E and K, it is rich with keratin, organic acids and pectin. Rose hip tea is recommended for those suffering from gout, rheumatism, kidney stones, and more. Fruit acids in tea regulate stool. Rose hip is often mixed with other medicinal herbs while making tea, usually with hibiscus, sometimes with chamomile and during the season of winter colds it is recommended to mix linden and rose hip.
Here’s one recipe with linden:
First boil a liter of water, let it rest for a few minutes (the tea is not put in the boiling water, it should be 80-90 degrees warm). Add two tablespoons of rose hips and let them rest for 10 minutes. After that, add one large tablespoon of linden and let it all sit for another 20 minutes. After a total of half an hour tea is done, and we can add lemon or honey in it. It is recommended to drink 2-3 cups a day.
Such tea successfully enhances immunity and protects against colds and high temperatures.